воскресенье, 16 декабря 2018 г.

'Changes in the American Federal Government from 1876 to the New Deal\r'

'On many occasions since the end of Reconstruction, the American political remains has demonstrated its ability to adapt to changing internal and foreign policy requirements, frequently by extending the fulfill of its power. An examination of the actions of the fed durationl governing during three periods (the modern Era, World state of war I, and the New Deal) reveals some of the modern functions and responsibilities that the federal government assumed. In the years like a shot pastime Reconstruction, wariness was necessarily focused on domestic matters.A shift from an agrarian economy to an industrial one created new sets of needs and expectations for the American existence. progressive era reformers, notably Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Wilson, responded to these needs by concern for reform: breaking-up monopolies; addressing corruption; enacting laws to protect women, children, and the large immigrant population; overseeing food and drug safety; and establish ing regulations for sanitation and hygiene.These reforms often required the establishment of new governmental institutions (for example, the intellectual nourishment and Drug Administration and the Department of Labor ). some of these institutions are still in operation today. starting with the United States’ participation in World War I, heed was redirected to foreign matters. Americans became increasingly involved in world affairs, not only through and through their involvement in the war efforts but also through the expansion of imperialist endeavors.Though these campaigns had begun earlier, they rapidly increased following the acquisition of Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico in 1898. These actions extended the refer of the federal government to overseas territories. With the Great Depression, attention once again necessarily shifted to domestic matters. In order to alleviate the effects of the Depression, Franklin Roosevelt instituted massive changes referred t o together with as the New Deal.These policies included massive informality efforts for the employed, the establishment of a minimum wage, the creation of fond Security, and the expansion of federal regulation of agriculture, industry, finance, and labor relations. genius major result of FDR’s administration was the government gained the legal power to regulate the economy. During much of his administration, FDR unbroken the federal government’s focus on domestic matters as he sought to enact neutrality legislation to keep America surface of the war in Europe.vi It is significant that in multiplication of economic crisis (such as those that straight off preceded the Progressive era reforms and the New Deal), the federal government of this country turns its attention to combating corruption, regulating the economy, instituting public works projects, and enacting legislation that directly affects the lives of American citizens. In so doing, Wilson and F. D. Roosev elt focused their attentions in the first place on domestic policy at the pricey of foreign policy.\r\n'

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